So, how do we change this, and what should boys learn now that sets them up to thrive in a transformed labor market of the future? The answer is not simply more and better NESS subject teaching. They must also learn that boys have an equal place in that future. This isn’t a given. A major and underestimated obstacle for boys in NESS is the stereotype that has been created and perpetuated that girls are better at these subjects and careers.